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Unix Commands Sheet

Some useful Unix commands.

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Access Control

exit - terminate a shell (see "man sh" or "man csh")
logout - sign off; end session (C shell and bash shell only;)
passwd - change login password
rlogin - log in remotely to another UNIX system
ssh - secure shell
slogin - secure version of rlogin
yppasswd - change login password in yellow pages

Communications

mail - send and receive mail
mesg - permit or deny terminal messages and talk requests
pine - send and receive mail
talk - talk to another logged-in user
write - write to another logged-in user
minicom - terminal for modem

Programming Tools

ar - archive and library maintainer
as - assembler, specific to each machine architecture
awk - pattern scanning and processing language
bc - online calculator
cc - C compiler (xlc on ADS)
csh - C shell command interpreter
dbx - source-level debugging program
f77 - Fortran compiler (xlf on ADS)
gdb - GNU Project debugger
gprof - display profile of called routines
kill - kill a process
ld - the UNIX loader
lex - generate lexical analysis programs
lint - check C source code
make - maintain large programs
maple - symbolic mathematics program
math - symbolic mathematics program
nice - run a command at low priority (see "man nice" or "man csh")
nohup - run a command immune to hangups
pc - Pascal compiler (xlp on ADS)
perl - Popular script interpreter
prof - display profile data
python - Python programming language
ranlib - convert archives to random libraries
sh - Bourne shell command interpreter
yacc - generate input parsing programs
xcalc - graphical calulator under x

Documentation

apropos - locate commands by keyword lookup
find - locate file (i.e. find . -name *.tex -print)
info - start the info explorer program
man - find manual information about commands
whatis - describe what a command is
whereis - locate source, binary, or man page for a program

Editors

ed - line-oriented text editor
emacs - screen-oriented text editor
ex - line-oriented text editor
pico - screen-oriented text editor (renamed called nano)
sed - stream-oriented text editor
vi - full-screen text editor
vim - full-screen text editor ("vi-improved")

File and Directory Management

cd - change working directory
chmod - change the protection of a file or directory
chown - change owner (or group) of a file or directory
chgrp - change group of a file or directory
cmp - compare two files
comm - select/reject lines common to two sorted files
compress - compress a file
cp - copy files
crypt - encrypt/decrypt files (CCWF only)
diff - compare the contents of two ASCII files
file - determine file type
grep - search a file for a pattern
gzip - compress or expand files
ln - make a link to a file
ls - list the contents of a directory
lsof - list of open files
mkdir - create a directory
mv - move or rename files and directories
pwd - show the full pathname of your working directory
quota - display disk usage and limits
rm - delete (remove) files
rmdir - delete (remove) directories
stat - status of file (i.e. last access)
sync - flush filesystem buffers
sort - sort or merge files
tar - create or extract archives
tee - copy input to standard output and other files
tr - translate characters
umask - change default file protections
uncompress - restore compressed file
uniq - report (or delete) repeated lines in a file
wc - count lines, words, and characters in a file

File Display and Printing

cat - show the contents of a file; catenate files
fold - fold long lines to fit output device
head - show first few lines of a file
lpq - examine the printer spooling queue
lpr - print a file
lprm - remove jobs from the printer spooling queue
more - display a file, one screen at a time
less - like more with more features
page - like "more", but prints screens top to bottom
pr - paginate a file for printing
tail - show the last part of a file
zcat - display a compressed file
xv - show print, manipulate images
gv - show ps and pdf files
xpdf = shopw pdf files (use gv)

File Transfer

ftp - transfer files between network hosts
rcp - transfer files between networked UNIX hosts
rsync - faster, flexible replacement for rcp
scp - secure version of rcp
rz - receive files using ZMODEM protocol
sz - send files using ZMODEM protocol
kermit - kermit file transfer program
minicom - terminal program with file transfer